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Java Destinations

 BROMO TENGGER SEMERU NATIONAL PARK

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The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park covers a massive area of 800 square kilometres in the centre of East Java. For anyone with an interest in volcanoes, a visit to the park is a must. This is the largest volcanic region in the province. Visit the park and see the plumes of smoke coming from Mt. Semeru, an active volcano which rises 3676 meters above sea level. Experience the remarkable Tengger Caldera, Java’s largest, with its 10 km barren desert-like sea of sand. Within the caldera rise the deeply fissured volcanic cones of Batok and Bromo, the latter is still active with a cavernous crater from which smoke blows skyward. Temperatures at the top of Mount Bromo range about 5 to 18 degrees Celsius. To the south of the park is a rolling upland plateau dissected by valleys and dotted with several small scenic lakes, extending to the foot of Mount Semeru.

The Tengger sandy area has been protected since 1919. This is believed to be the only conservation area in Indonesia, and possibly the world which possesses a unique sand sea at the attitude of about 2000 m above sea level. There are several mountains inside the caldera: Mt Watangan (2,661 m asl). Mt Batok (2,470 m asl), Mt Kursi (2,581 asl), Mt Watangan (2,661 m asl), and Mt Widadaren (2,650 m asl).

With beautiful scenery, easy access and visitor-oriented facilities, it’s no wonder that this one of the most popular reserves in Java.

 

IJEN CRATER

Ijen plateau or known as “Kawah Ijen” is highly recommended to mountain buffs and hikers. The Plateau was at one time a huge active crater, 134 sq km in area. Today, Ijen is a quiet but active volcano, and the landscape is dominated by the volcanic cones of Ijen (2,368 asl) and Merapi (2,800 asl) on the northeastern edge of the Plateau, and Raung (3,332 asl) on the southwest corner.
The magnificent turquoise sulfur lake of KawahIjen lies at 2148 m above sea level and is surrounded by the volcanos sheer crater walls. The vent is a source of sulfur and collectors work here, making the trek up to the crater and down to the lake every day. Sulfur collectors hike up in the morning and return around 1 pm when the clouds roll in. They carry shoulder basket of pure sulfur from a quarry on the lakes edge under the shadow of the sheer walls of the crater. The mineral at KawahIjen is purer and is worth commercial exploitation despite the horrendous labor involved: Javas homegrown sulfur is a natural source of sulfuric acid, in great demand in the oil-refining business and in the production of fertilizers.

 

MERU BETIRI NATIONAL PARK

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Meru Betiri National park is a large natural reserve located on the southern coast of Jember Regency in East Java. It spans across 580 square kilometers of varying topography; including sandy, coastal plains, mangrove swamps, lush rainforests, and highlands of over 1,000 meters. The Park takes its name from two mountains within its compounds: Mount Meru, measuring 500 meters above sea level, and Mount Betiri, 1,192 meters above sea level, and the highest point in the park.

With a spectacular coastal rainforest and a rich diversity of wildlife, the MeruBetiri national park is one of the most impressive national parks on Java. Traversing thick jungle and a rubber plantation, the journey to get here is an adventure but once you arrive, you’ll be rewarded with unspoilt natural beauty unlike anywhere else on the planet.

Here you can search for the exotic wildlife that makes this park their home including black panthers, turtles and leopards. Sukamade is a protected turtle beach within the park and one of Indonesia’s most important turtle spawning grounds.

MeruBetiri is home to 29 species of mammals, including the Banteng, Javanese flying squirrel, leopard cat, dhole, wild boar, and JavanMuntjak, or barking deer. It is also habitat for what is said to be the last Javan Tiger, once thought to have been extinct. The last sighting of the tiger was in 1976, however, tiger paw prints measuring 28 centimeters have led the forest ministry to believe they may still roam the park.

180 species of bird soar through the MeruBetiri skies, and nearly 300 species of flora flourish throughout, including the giant Rafflesia, the world’s largest blossom.

A small area of about 8.5 square kilometers is ocean, and is dedicated to providing nesting grounds for Green Turtles, Hawksbill turtles, Olive Ridely Turtles, and even giant Leatherback Turtles.Almost every night, turtles come ashore to lay their eggs. The beaches are guarded 24 hours a day, and eggs are collected in an attempt to protect them from both humans and natural predators. The young turtles are then hatched in tanks to before being released into the sea.

The best time to visit here is in the dry season (April to October) as the road into the park can is prone to flooding in the wet season. The remote location of this park means it is a destination for the truly adventurous.

 

BALURAN NATIONAL PARK

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This park is a forest preservation area that covers about 25,000 hectares of the north coast of east java. The park offers some great scenery and has organised safari activities. Safari is a much misused term in Asian travel circles but in this case it is appropriate – there is something very African about the savannah grasslands of Baluran. Of the three large national parks in East Java, this is the easiest reached and by far the easiest to travel around.

The value and unique nature of Baluran was first recorded in 1928 by Dutch botanist AH Loedeboer. Official national park status was granted in 1984 since which time the tourism potential of the park has slowly been realised.

The dominant feature of the park is 1,247 m high Mount Baluran, a dormant volcano. The park is mostly savannah grass and acacia scrub inland and monsoon forest with mangroves on the coast. 15 km from the main entrance there is beautiful white sand beach called Bama Beach with fringing mangroves and a healthy offshore coral reef. Some 40 km of the north coast of Java are within the boundaries of the park and include some areas with excellent, healthy coral reefs close to shore.

Mammals present include leopard cat, wild pig, Java rusa deer, three species of monkeys and the endangered java banteng (buffalo).  Birdlife is diverse despite enormous trapping pressures for the cagebird trade before the national park was formed. Some poaching still occurs.

 

TANJUNG PAPUMA BEACH

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Tanjung Papuma Beach in an eco tourist resort with panoramic sea view and pristine white beach. Located at Jember district, we can visit this place along the way to mount Bromo after a night stay in kalibaru area. this beach offers For those who looking for Different experience, this destination offers a wonderfull sunrise and sunset view.

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